Some fabrics cannot be stretched. They remain out of shape and are damaged once stretched. Your clothes items will have a little bounce and will return to their natural shape with the elastic component.
What is the composition of elastic? Elastic is constructed of rubber and latex that is wrapped with other flexible materials. Those materials are woven together in places where the elastic property is most useful and is not hampered in its function.
Continue reading our post to discover more about elastic and elastic fabric types. It tells you what those textiles are called and what makes them tick. When you’re finished, you’ll probably know more about elastic textiles than you ever wanted to.
Neoprene is a synthetic rubber compound that is used in scuba diving wet suits as well as a variety of other fashion products.
What is Elastic Fabric?
Elastic fabric is made out of a variety of fabrics with both elastic and flexible properties. Each fabric’s strands are woven together to form a fantastic elastic fabric that keeps its shape even when stretched out.
Elastic material can be found in a number of women’s intimate wear, such as girdles. Belts, suspenders, waistbands, and a variety of other clothing items contain it. Elastic parts can also be seen in many fashion accessories.
Elastic textiles can also be found on bed skirting, fitted sheets, bed ruffles, and just about everywhere else where flexibility is required. Furthermore, elastic fabrics or yarns can assist in the creation of some beautiful jewelry designs for those who enjoy invention and originality.
Elastic Fabric 2: Latex is a rubber composition that is tough to sew and wear. Because the cloth is not breathable, you may overheat if you wear it.
What is Elastic Made Out Of?
Rubber and latex are two of the most common sources of elastic. Rubber is a flexible material that comes from the rubber tree. In fact, the elastic nature of latex and rubber makes it ideal for some garments.
Rubber and latex’s waterproof or resistant properties are extremely popular, making it a vital component of several garment items. Rubber and latex, on the other hand, are not particularly comfortable to wear.
Rubber clothing is also not suitable for dry cleaning. The chemicals used in dry cleaning might harm or destroy the cloth. When elastic is used in conjunction with polyester or other thread types, it is normally placed in the center of the garment and its functions are limited to restoring the garment to its previous shape.
Spandex is an elastic fabric that can expand to 300 to 400 percent of its original size. The elastine ingredient used in its manufacture gives it elasticity.
How Elastic Fabric is Made
Rubber, latex, and other stretchy materials are woven together to create a fabric that is extremely stretchable. To make the garment item stretch, this fabric is used with other flexible fabrics.
The elastic fabric’s stretch range can be defined in two ways. The first is the 2-way stretch, which only allows the fabric to stretch in one direction. This can happen in either a lengthwise or across direction.
Elastic stretches in four directions. This indicates that the fabric may stretch in both directions. You can also stretch the fabric along the selvedges or sideways.
Stretchable textiles are desired with this capability, especially when young children are present. The garments’ elastic structure helps prevent them from stretching out of shape and becoming destroyed after only a few wears.
Knits stretch in two directions, with few exceptions that extend in four directions. It is a popular fabric for clothing because of its ability to stretch. This fabric comes in a variety of colors and patterns.
Elastic Material For Clothing
In this category, there are numerous options. Many clothing items can benefit from the addition of elastic in their manufacture, so its utility is limitless. Different elastic styles serve different purposes.
Pajamas, underwear, and lingerie are examples of soft clothing that comes into direct touch with the skin. Then there’s infant elastic, which is mostly used in baby garments. This design has a lot of elasticity and is heat resistant. It usually restores the clothing to their original shape.
Swimwear elastic is also available. It can stretch to 3 or 4 times its original size and resists heat. It’s also resistant to chlorine, sea, and sunscreen damage. Then there’s sports elastic, which can withstand perspiration and multiple washings. It’s difficult since it has to keep its original shape.
Braided elastic generally has a long lifespan. It’s also made to withstand a lot of use. Cord elastic is used for jewelry and apparel that does not stretch much. Knit elastic is soft and comfy.
Finally, there’s elastic for the buttonhole and drawstring. The former is ideal for maternity wear, while the latter is ideal for increasing waistlines.
Elastic fabric 5: Spandex blends – this type of elastic material is utilized in a variety of ways in fashion. It is popular because the mixtures are effective.
When Was Elastic Invented for Clothing?
Elastic, like cotton, has a lengthy history. Although the complete tale is unknown, its use dates back thousands of years and has a long history. Long before Columbus, the American Indians used rubber. Weeping tree is the word they use to describe the substance.
The Mayans then combined the juices of several vines to make an early sort of elastic band that held goods together. However, we just have to go back roughly 200 years for modern elastic innovation.
Around 1820, Thomas Hancock is credited with inventing elastic. His idea began with glove closures, then expanded to include elastic for shoes, suspenders, and socks. He discovered that he was squandering too much rubber during his trials, so he built the masticator to conserve the material.
The rubber band was first invented in the mid-nineteenth century by an unknown person. William Spencer was the first person to mass-produce rubber bands in 1923. Charles Macintosh was the one who discovered that coal tar naphtha could dissolve Indian rubber. As a result, he was the first to create waterproof clothing.
How to Weaken Elastic
Elastic can be weakened by stretching it beyond its breaking point. When a material reaches that point of no return, it is too weak to be of any use. The elastic no longer performs as well as it did when it was its original size.
Stretching elastic past the point of no return can be accomplished by stretching it out over an ironing board. Then apply the heat with a hot iron. Stretch the elastic as it heats up, then let it cool. It may be too strained to work as it should at this time.
The same procedure applies to waistband elastic. Another option is to extend the elastic and leave it stretched for a few days.
Elastic Fabric Types
We’ve already covered the five most common elastic fabrics you’ll come across during your sewing career. The spandex blends were the only fabric about which we didn’t go into detail. This is due to the large number of them.
Cotton and polyester are two examples of such mixtures. To be stretchy and comfy, the former merely need 3 to 5% spandex. Then there’s the satin and velvet combination, which may be used to create some pretty nice-looking apparel.
Swimwear, sports bras, cycling shorts, and other fitness gear commonly contain this blend of nylon and spandex. When rayon and spandex are mixed, the result is a silky look. To keep you from being uncomfortable is a stretch.
Stretch denim, like a cotton, poplin, and spandex blend, makes pants and other items exceedingly comfortable. For belts and other household items, fake leather and vinyl are combined with spandex.
Stretch lace, Powernet, acetate/spandex, modal/spandex, Tencel/spandex, and linen/spandex all received honorable mentions. There are several other spandex blends that aren’t included in this list.
Using this cloth might be very costly. Polyester elastic and comparable synthetic blends are more expensive. Because of the price, you must be cautious in your application. Using this blended cloth has a risk, and if utilized incorrectly, it may be quite costly.
Cotton elastic is a soft and absorbent material. When you put it on, it should feel nice against your skin. However, if you sew the fabric before pre-washing it, it will shrink and be useless for future usage.
Neckwear, slacks, swimsuits, and sweaters can all benefit from this fabric. It’s also suitable for curtains, bedspreads, comforters, tablecloths, and a variety of other applications. You can also machine wash it, hand wash it, or have it dry cleaned. You can clean the material in a number of ways.
It drapes nicely after cleaning and retains its moisture-absorbing properties.
Nylon Stretch Elastic
This fabric has a wide range of applications, but it excels in marine and outdoor settings. Braided nylon elastic is employed in a range of automotive applications because of its excellent fire resistance.
Nylon stretch elastic is also quite durable. It’s possible that it’s the most powerful of all the elastic blends. It’s so durable that it’s used for outdoor activities like boating.
It’s machine washable but not floatable. The expense of making it is quite significant, but it is a very high-quality fabric to use once it is finished. Stretching capacities range from 85 percent to 120 percent depending on the sort of nylon elastic you choose.
This fabric is what you use to finish your sewing project when you need true durability.
For two reasons, this is a popular fabric. It’s the most adaptable and affordable. Those two characteristics are usually appealing. It is so well-liked and useful that it may be found in every medical or health-care setting. It’s also found in almost every wash and wear line.
This cloth is extremely resistant to shrinking due to its toughness. It’s also mildew- and bleach-resistant. As a result, it is a highly healthy item to use frequently. This fabric has a melting component.
The good news is that melting point is not reached until temperatures approach 450°F. While melting is unlikely, prolonged exposure to the sun will damage and degrade the cloth.
When it is not cold outside, you must be careful with this fabric. Polyester elastic can stretch anywhere from 110 to 125 percent depending on the type.
Some Final Words
Elastic is a fantastic fabric to work with. Your garments will not only last longer, but they will also keep their shape. Elastic comes in a range of materials, including spandex, latex, and neoprene, but it all adds up to really comfortable apparel.
Rubber is the only elastic material that is unsuitable for clothing. That is why it is kept for certain uses such as scuba diving and other comparable sports. However, you get a good clothing constituent that does nothing but good for your garments, regardless of how you utilize elastic.